Anthropologists are suckers for anything with the word “tribe” in it. I am no exception. Here’s a really interesting piece from sociology of style on the role of the uniform in sports.
A Tribe Called Us
“Call it a clan, call it a network, call it a tribe, call it a family: Whatever you call it, whoever you are, you need one.”
—- Jane Howard, Families
Sports: love ‘em or hate ‘em, they’re a huge part of our culture. But what you may not also realize is they are part of what makes us human.
In The Social Conquest of Earth, Edward O. Wilson argues that tribalism (and competition) is fundamental to humanity, and he describes sports teams as our modern day tribes: “People must have a tribe. It gives them a name in addition to their own and social meaning in a chaotic world.” Though we largely don’t engage in tribal warfare on a daily basis as we once did, we satiate this need on the athletic battlefield — an area that still allows us to demonstrate the superiority of our tribe over another. We feel this surge not only when we’re immediately part of the action, but also when our team rises to victory.
So how do we visually mark our tribal sports affiliations?
In 1849, the Knickerbocker Baseball club (the first baseball club) created baseball uniforms, and donned straw hats, blue pantaloons, and white flannel shirts (pictured above). One year later, the sewing machine was patented, which allowed the baseball “jersey” to become widespread. Other teams followed suit, creating color schemes and pantaloons of their own.
Clearly, the uniform has greatly evolved beyond pantaloons and straw hats. Today, all sports jerseys are uniform (pun intended). Each team wears identical garb, differentiated only by their name and number. In addition to the practical reasoning for athletic uniforms (easily identifying your team members), these uniforms foster a group mentality, which helps them to function as a unit — an essential quality of any victorious tribe. Click here to view custom high school football uniforms that have recently been created.
But athletes still express individuality while on the court or field, within the confines of team conformity. In basketball, players can choose flashy shoes and decide whether or not to wear a headband and an arm or leg band, (as seen by Carmelo Anthony). And, of course, tattoos and long hair are personal differentiators across many sports. At the same time, some of the best teams have shown solidarity by embracing team conformity — take the Boston Red Sox, who (somewhat controversially) all shaved their heads in 2003.
Want some tips on how to use your style to be part of the team (whether sports related or not)? Click below for that and more from Sociology of Style: